What is Laparoscopic colectomy
Laparoscopic colectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure, performed after sedating the patient with general anaesthesia. It involves making a few tiny incisions in the abdominal area to insert a laparoscope and associated instruments, to remove the colon from the adjoining tissues.
The corrections to the colon are done after bringing it out through the incision. Once the procedure is completed, it is reinserted through the incision and reconnected with the digestive system to facilitate regular functioning.
The laparoscopic procedure ensures faster recovery and fewer complications related to bleeding. The procedure is relatively painless as well.
There are various types of colectomy operations:
- Total colectomy involves removing the entire colon.
- Partial colectomy involves removing part of the colon and may also be called subtotal colectomy.
- Hemicolectomy involves removing the right or left portion of the colon.
- Proctocolectomy involves removing both the colon and rectum.
Why would I need a colectomy?
It is done in following causes
- Irritable bowel disease
- Rectal prolapsed
Benefits of Laparoscopic colectomy
Results are different for each procedure and each patient. Some common advantages of minimally invasive colorectal surgery are:
- Shorter hospital stay
- Shorter recovery time
- Less pain from the incisions
- Faster return to normal diet
- Faster return to work or normal activity
- Better cosmetic healing